Software bugs are common. While they are written in different languages, all software contains code. Some of them may contain hundreds of thousands of lines of code. Windows 10, in fact, is believed to contain over 10 million lines of code. With so many lines of code, there’s an inherent risk of bugs. What is a software bug exactly?

The Basics of Software Bugs

A software bug is a flaw in a piece of software that causes unwanted or unexpected results. Unbeknownst to most users, nearly all types of software contain bugs. Whether it’s an operating system (OS), email client, text editor or graphics editor, software may produce unwanted or unexpected results, which are considered bugs.

Bugs aren’t the same as malware. While they can both cause unwanted or unexpected results, malware is intentionally malicious. Some bugs may cause harm as well. The difference is that malware is intentionally created to harm users. Bugs, on the other hand, are not. Depending on the type of bug, it may harm users, but no bug is intentionally created to harm users.

Common types of software bugs include the following:

  • Syntax error
  • Logic error
  • Control flow error
  • Calculation error
  • Performance error
  • Compatibility error
  • Usability error

What Causes Software Bugs?

Software bugs are typically caused by human error. There are multiple stages in the creation of new software. The first stage is planning, followed by design, development, testing and deployment. Errors can occur during these stages. And while minor errors involving code may not render the software completely inoperable, they may lead to bugs.

How to Deal With Software Bugs

If you encounter a software bug, you should check to see if there are any new updates available for the software. Most bugs are fixable. Upon discovering a bug, the developer will fix it. The developer will then release a new version of the software that contains the necessary fix. By updating the software to this new version, you can eliminate the bug.

Assuming there are no new updates for the software, you may want to report the bug. Developers can only fix bugs if they know about them. If a developer isn’t aware of the particular bug that you encountered, it won’t be able to fix it. But you can often report bugs to the developer.

When a bug occurs, the software may ask you if you’d like to send a report to the developer. This report will reveal essential information about the bug, which the developer can use to fix it.